Cytogenetic Technology

The study of chromosomes to detect abnormalities that cause disease

High School Preparation

A high school diploma or GED will be required for a career in cytogenetic technology since a bachelor's degree is required.  The minimum suggested high school curriculum includes

  • mathematics through algebra
  • chemistry
  • physics
  • biology
  • English composition

Eduction Required

Cytogenetic technologists must earn bachelor's degrees and complete an accredited education program or gain training on-the-job.  The accredited educational program may be included in the bachelor's degree requirements or may be a certificate program following college graduation.  Preparation for an accredited program or job experience should include

  • college mathematics through algebra
  • chemistry including inorganic and organic
  • general biology
  • English compostion
  • Basic computer skills

Additional recommended courses would include biochemistry, statistics, genetics, hematology, microbiology, immunology, and cell or molecular biology.


Cytogenetic technologists who have completed accredited education programs or gained acceptable experience are eligible for the national certification examination.  The national examination allows cytogenetics professionals to demonstrate their knowledge of cytogenetic procedures, theory, and techniques.  Employers prefer to hire certified individuals.  Some states may require cytogenetic technologists to be licensed.